Question 48: Consider three mixtures — the first having water and liquid A in the ratio 1:2, the second having water and liquid B in the ratio 1:3, and the third having water and liquid C in the ratio 1:4. These three mixtures of A, B, and C, respectively, are further mixed in the proportion 4: 3: 2. Then the resulting mixture has

The same amount of water and liquid B

The same amount of liquids B and C

More water than liquid B

More water than liquid A

Option: 3 Explanation:

The proportion of water in the first mixture is $\frac{1}{3}$ The proportion of Liquid A in the first mixture is $\frac{2}{3}$

The proportion of water in the second mixture is $\frac{1}{4}$ The proportion of Liquid B in the second mixture is $\frac{3}{4}$

The proportion of water in the third mixture is $\frac{1}{5}$ The proportion of Liquid C in the third mixture is $\frac{4}{5}$

As they are mixed in the ratio 4:3:2, the final amount of water is $4 \times \frac{1}{3} + 3 \times \frac{1}{4} + 2 \times \frac{1}{5} = \frac{149}{160}$ The final amount of Liquid A in the mixture is $4\times\frac{2}{3} = \frac{8}{3}$ The final amount of Liquid B in the mixture is $3\times\frac{3}{4} = \frac{9}{4}$ The final amount of Liquid C in the mixture is $2\times\frac{4}{5} = \frac{8}{5}$

Hence, the ratio of Water : A : B : C in the final mixture is $\frac{149}{160}:\frac{8}{3}:\frac{9}{4}:\frac{8}{5} = 149:160:135:96$