Tips on how to approach CAT Reading Comprehension passages
- Don’t get into the minor details of the passage; just focus on what each paragraph has to say
- As you read, create a map of the passage; you must remember what thing is located where in the passage
- Once you read the question, come back to the part of the passage that is likely to have the answer
- Compare the options and eliminate the incorrect choices based on the evidence that you see in the passage
- Choose the answer once you are convinced of the right choice
Weber was a key proponent ofmethodological antipositivism, presenting sociology as anon-empiricistfield which must studysocial actionthrough interpretive meansbased upon understanding the meanings and purposes that individuals attach to their own actions. Weber is often cited, withÉmile DurkheimandKarl Marx, as one of the three principal architects of modern social science.
Weber's main intellectual concern was understanding the processes ofrationalization,secularization, and "disenchantment" that he associated with the rise ofcapitalismandmodernity. Weber argued that the most important difference among societies is not how people produce things but how people think about the world. In Weber’s view, modern society was the product of a new way of thinking. Weber is perhaps best known for his thesis combiningeconomic sociologyand thesociology of religion, elaborated in his bookThe Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Weber proposed thatasceticProtestantismwas one of the major "elective affinities" associated with the rise ofcapitalism,bureaucracyand therational-legalnation-statein theWestern world. Against Marx's "historical materialism," Weber emphasised the importance of cultural influences embedded in religion as a means for understanding the genesis of capitalism. TheProtestant Ethicformed the earliest part in Weber's broader investigations into world religion: he would go on to examine thereligions of China, thereligions of Indiaandancient Judaism, with particular regard to the apparent non-development of capitalism in the corresponding societies, as well as to their differing forms ofsocial stratification.
In another major work,Politics as a Vocation, Weber defined thestateas an entity which successfully claims a "monopoly on the legitimate use of violence". He was also the first to categorize social authority into distinct forms, which he labelled as charismatic, traditional, and rational-legal. His analysis ofbureaucracyemphasised that modern state institutions are increasingly based onrational-legal authority. Weber also made a variety of other contributions ineconomic history, as well as economic theory and methodology. Weber's thought on modernity and rationalisation would come to facilitatecritical theoryof theFrankfurt school.Question: Which of the following statement/statements is/ are true as per the passage?
[I. Weber is one of the principal architects of modern Social Science
[II. Weber’s approach to understanding capitalism was different from that of Marx.
[III. To Weber how people think is more important than how and what they produce.
I and II only
I and III only
I, II and III
Question: What does the term “social stratification” used in the last line of the second paragraph most probably mean?
Capitalistic development in various societies
The hierarchical structures of class and status in any society.
The hierarchical structures of class and status in India and China.
Dividing society into different era and class
Question: Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
Weber and Karl Marx had opposing views about Capitalism
Weber’s influence is well beyond the realms of Economics.
Weber and Karl Marx were contemporaries
Both a and b