Tips on how to approach CAT Reading Comprehension passages
- Don’t get into the minor details of the passage; just focus on what each paragraph has to say
- As you read, create a map of the passage; you must remember what thing is located where in the passage
- Once you read the question, come back to the part of the passage that is likely to have the answer
- Compare the options and eliminate the incorrect choices based on the evidence that you see in the passage
- Choose the answer once you are convinced of the right choice
The writings of the philosopher Plato have been analyzed, critiqued, and interpreted in countless ways over the past two millennia. However, his Republic still stands out as an intellectual hallmark of Greek socio-political commentary and a prescriptive utopian vehicle. We need not confine the basic elements of Platonic thought to Platonic times, especially when we consider the roles and status of women in our own modern societies. Regarding this topic, Plato is surprisingly forward-thinking and appears in stark contrast to many contemporary currents of thought .
Plato begins this discourse in Book V of the Republic by referring to an earlier fundamental principle of that work, namely that jobs and functions in an ideal state ought to be distributed according to one’s nature, inclination, and capability. He then inquires into their natures and capabilities, and asks if anything aside from physiology separates men and women; he soon concludes not. He feels that they are endowed equally with “natural capacities” for all “administrative occupations,” including the Guardianship of the city as well as its defense, and that there is no sufficient difference between them to justify the exclusion of women from the most important duties of the state . He does believe, though, that since women are traditionally the physically weaker of the sexes, nature also dictates they be given a “lighter share” of these duties in keeping with their level of strength.
In order to arrive at this ideal, Plato advocates a system of equal education for men and women being raised as Auxiliaries and Guardians : “‘Well then, to make a woman into a Guardian we presumably need the same education as we need to make a man into one, especially as it will operate on the same nature in both.’” Moreover, he suggests that women ought to be allowed to exercise naked in the gymnasia alongside the men as part of their physical education regimen, to keep them healthy and fit for military service: “Our women Guardians must strip for exercise, then – their excellence will be all the clothes they need,”. Plato is quite confident that any potential critics will be silenced once they see the quality of women which his system will produce.Question: According to the passage, the Plato’s attitude towards women can be best described as:
Question: Going by the views expressed by the author in the above passage, which of the following works would Plato not like women to undertake?
None of the above
Question: About the book Republic and the views expressed by Plato in his book Republic, the author is least likely to agree with which of the following?
It should be confined to Platonic times.
It is one of the intellectual achievements of Greek Civilization
Plato views regarding the role and status of women were unique during his time.
All of the above