CAT Quant Practice Problems

Question: Consider obtuse-angled triangles with sides 8 cm, 15 cm and x cm. If x is an integer, then how many such triangles exist?
  1. 5
  2. 21
  3. 10
  4. 15
  5. 14

Correct Option:3

For obtuse-angles triangle, $c^2 > a^2 + b^2$ and c < a+b
If 15 is the greatest side, 8+x > 15 => x > 7 and $225 > 64 + x^2$ => $x^2$ < 161 => x <= 12
So, x = 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
If x is the greatest side, then 8 + 15 > x => x < 23
$x^2 > 225 + 64 = 289$ => x > 17
So, x = 18, 19, 20, 21, 22
So, the number of possibilities is 10


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