CAT 2019 Quant Questions with Solutions

Question:
For any positive integer n, let f(n) = n(n + 1) if n is even, and f(n) = n + 3 if n is odd. If m is a positive integer such that 8f(m + 1) - f(m) = 2, then m equals

Show Answer

Correct Answer: 10

Case 1: m is even.

Given, 8f(m + 1) - f(m) = 2

$\begin{align} & \Rightarrow 8\left( m+1+3 \right)-m\left( m+1 \right)=2 \\ & \Rightarrow 8m+32-{{m}^{2}}-m=2 \\ & \Rightarrow {{m}^{2}}-7m+30=0 \\ & \Rightarrow (m-10)(m+3)=0 \\ & \Rightarrow m=10\ or\ -3 \\ \end{align}$

As m is positive integer, the only possible value of m =10.

Case 2:

If m is odd, then we would not be getting positive solution.


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