# CAT 2018 Quant Questions

Question:
The strength of a salt solution is p% if 100 ml of the solution contains p grams of salt. If three salt solutions A, B, C are mixed in the proportion 1 : 2 : 3, then the resulting solution has strength 20%. If instead the proportion is 3 : 2 : 1, then the resulting solution has strength 30%. A fourth solution, D, is produced by mixing B and C in the ratio 2 : 7. The ratio of the strength of D to that of A is

 2 : 5 1 : 3 1 : 4 3 : 10
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Let 'a', 'b' and 'c' be the concentration of salt in Solutions A, B and C respectively.

It is given that three salt Solutions A, B, C are mixed in the proportion 1 : 2 : 3, then the resulting Solution has strength 20%.

$\Rightarrow$ $\frac{{a + 2b + 3c}}{{1 + 2 + 3}} = 20$

$\Rightarrow$ $a + 2b + 3c = 120$ ... (1)

If instead the proportion is 3 : 2 : 1, then the resulting Solution has strength 30%.

$\Rightarrow$ $\frac{{3a + 2b + c}}{{1 + 2 + 3}} = 30$

$\Rightarrow$ $3a + 2b + c = 180$ ... (2)

From equation (1) and (2), we can say that

$\Rightarrow$ $b + 2c = 45$

By trail and error method we can say that b = c = 15 and a = 45.

So if we mix Solution B and C in any ratio we get the mixture with 15% concentration whereas A's strength = 45%.

Hence, the required ratio = $\frac{{15}}{{45}}$ = 1 : 3

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